literature

SOME of the great names which illustrated the former period, and have made it famous, continued after 1830 to grace our literature. Scott, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Campbell, Moore, the creative masters of the last generation, still remained, but their strength was spent, their honours won, and it may be long ere the world see again such a cluster of eminent poetical contemporaries. Other names, however, were brightening the horizon. Macaulay, Carlyle, and Tennyson appeared, and we had vast activity in every department of our national literature, while in some there was unquestioned pre-eminence. This has been seen in the revival of speculative philosophy, corresponding with the diffusion of physical science — in the study of nature, its laws and resources; and in the rich abundance of our prose fiction, which is wholly without a parallel in ancient or modern times. The novel has, indeed, become a necessity in our social life — a great institution. It no longer deals with heroic events and perilous adventures — the romance of history or chivalry. But it finds nourishment and vigour in the daily walks and common scenes of life — in the development of character, intellect, and passion, the struggles, follies, and varieties of ordinary existence. Even poetry reflects the contemplative and inquiring spirit of the age. In history and biography, the two grand sources of our literary distinction in this latter half of the nineteenth century, the same tendencies prevail — a desire to know all and investigate all. Every source of information is sought after — every leading fact, principle, or doctrine in taste, criticism, and ethics is subjected to scrutiny and analysis; while literary journals and cheap editions, multiplied by the aid of steam, pour forth boundless supplies. To note all these in our remaining space would be impossible; many works well deserving of study we can barely glance at, and many must be omitted. In the delicate and somewhat invidious task of dealing with living authors, we shall seek rather to afford information and awaken interest than to pronounce judgments; and we must trust largely to the candour and indulgence of our readers.



Allingham, William (March 19, 1824 – November 18, 1889)
Arnold, Matthew (December 24, 1822 – April 15, 1888)
Bailey, Philip James (April 22, 1816 – September 6, 1902)
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett (March 6, 1806 – June 29, 1861)
Browning, Robert (May 7, 1812 – December 12, 1889)
Bryant, William Cullen (November 3, 1794 – June 12, 1878)
Buchanan, Robert Williams (August 18, 1841 - June 10, 1901)
Bulwer-Lytton, (Edward) Robert, 1st Earl of Lytton, GCB, GCSI, GCIE, PC (November 8, 1831 – November24, 1891)
Chatto, William Andrew (pseudonym Stephen Oliver) (April 17, 1799 - February 28, 1864)
Clough, Arthur Hugh (January 1, 1819 - November 13, 1861)
Cook, Eliza (December 24, 1818 - September 23, 1889)
Cooper, Thomas (October 22, 1759 – May 11, 1839)
Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. (August 1, 1815 – January 6, 1882)
de Quincey, Thomas (August 15, 1785 – December 8, 1859) (Opium Addict)
Dobell, Sydney Thompson (April 5, 1824 – August 22, 1874)
Fred Locker (May 29, 1821 - May 30, 1895)
Gerald Massey (May 29, 1828 – 29 October, 1907)
Gray, David (January 29, 1838 – December 3, 1861)
Harte, Francis Bret (August 25, 1836 - May 6, 1902)
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Sr. (August 29, 1809 – October 7, 1894)
Horne, Richard Hengist Horne (born Richard Henry Horne) December 31, 1802 – March 13, 1884)
James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 - August 12, 1891)
Kent, Charles (William Charles Mark) (November 3, 1823 - 1902)
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882)
Lyte, Rev. Henry Francis (June 1, 1793 – November 20, 1847)
Mackay, Charles (March 26, 1812 – December 24, 1889)
Manners, John James Robert - 7th Duke of Rutland KG, GCB, PC (December 13, 1818 – August 4, 1906)
Melville, Herman ((August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891)
Morris, William (March 24, 1834 - October 3, 1896)
Neaves, Charles, Lord Neaves FRSE (October 14, 1800 - December 23, 1876)
Parkes, Fanny (née Frances Susannah Archer) (1794–1875)
Patmore, Coventry Kersey Dighton (July 23, 1823 – November 26, 1896)
Proctor, Adelaide Anne (October 30, 1825 - February 2, 1864) Queen Victoria's favourite poet
Ragg, Thomas (January 11, 1808 - December 3, 1881)
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel (May 12, 1828 - April 9, 1882)
Rossetti, Christina Georgina (December 5, 1830 – December 29, 1894)
Sigourney, Lydia Huntley, née Lydia Howard Huntley (September 1, 1791 - June 10, 1865)
Smith, Alexander (December 31, 1829 - January 5, 1867)
Swain, Charles (4 January 1801 – 22 September 1874)
Tennyson, Alfred, 1st Baron Tennyson, FRS (August 6, 1809 – October 6, 1892) Poet Laureate of G. B. and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's Reign
Whittier, John Greenleaf (December 17, 1807 - September 7, 1892)
William Wetmore Story (February 12, 1819 - October 7, 1895)
Willis, Nathaniel Parker (January 20, 1806 – January 20, 1867)


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CHAMBERS'S CYCLOPEDIA OF ENGLISH LITERATURE
A HISTORY, CRITICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, OF BRITISH AUTHORS WITH SPECIMENS OF THEIR WRITINGS
ORIGINALLY EDITED BY ROBERT CHAMBERS, LL.D.
REVISED BY ROBERT CARRUTHERS, LL.D., 1876
Additional Research by Webmaster
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A Victorian A Victorian Writers