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Chronological Table of Kings

THE first King of all England was Edward the Elder. Previous to his time, it will be remembered, there had been five main Kingdoms in England, namely Kent, East Anglia, Mercia, Northumbria, and Wessex; listed are the sovereigns of these realms, from the point at which their dating becomes certain.

I

Kings of Kent

Aethelbert I .. 560-616
Eadbald .. 616-640
Earconbert .. 640-664
Ecgbert I .. 664-673
Lothere .. 673-685 [with Eadric .. 684]
Eadric .. 685-686
Followed by a confused period. Anarchy .. 686-690
Wihtraed .. 694-725
Eadbert I .. 725-748
Aethelbert II .. 748-762
Kent was divided among several kings vassal to Mercia .. 762-796
Eadbert II .. "Praen" 796-798
[Coenwulf of Mercia] .. 798
Cuthred .. 798-805
Baldred .. 805-823
Ecgbert of Wessex .. 825
Aethelwulf of Wessex .. 825-839
Aethelstan brother of Aethelwulf .. 839-850 ?
Aethelwulf (again) .. 856-858
Aethelbert (son of Aethelwulf) .. 858-860

II

Kings of East Anglia

Raedwald .. 593-617
Eorpwald .. 617-628 Sigebert .. 631-634
Egrice .. 634-635
Anna .. 635-654
Aethelhere .. 654-655
Aethelwald .. 655-664
Ealdwulf .. 664-713
Aelfwald .. 713-749
Beorna .. 749- ?
Aethelbert .. ? -793 After whom East Anglia was united with Mercia until 823. [Kings of Mercia] 793 to 823
Eadwald .. 823-829 ?
Aethelstan I son of Ecgbert .. 829-839 ?
Aethelweard .. 839-852 ?
Beorhtric 852-856 ?
St Edmund 856-870 — Edmund was murdered by the Danes in 870, and afterwards there were three Danish Kings of East Anglia:
Guthrum I .. 878-890
Eohric .. 890-902
Guthrum II .. 902-916 ?

III

Kings of Mercia

Creoda .. ? -593 ?
Pybba .. 593-606 ?
Cearl .. 606-626 ?
Penda .. 626-655
Peada .. 655-656
After whom the Northumbrian Oswy of Bernicia reigned until 659.
Wulfhere .. 659-675
Aethelred .. 675-704
Coenred .. 704-709
Ceolred .. 709-716
Aethelbald .. 716-757
Beornred .. 757
Offa .. 757-796
Ecgferth .. 796
Coenwulf .. 796-821
Ceolwulf I .. 821-823
Beornwulf .. 823-825
Ludican .. 825-827
Wiglaf .. 827-829
After whom Ecgbert of Wessex held Mercia for a year .. 829-830
Wiglaf restored .. 830-839
Beorhtwulf .. 839-852
Burhred .. 852-874
Ceolwulf II .. 874

IV

The Kingdom of Northumbria was at first divided into two realms, Bernicia and Deira. The Kings of Bernicia are as follows:

Ida .. 547-559
Elder sons in uncertain order .. 559-586
Aethelric .. 586-593
Aethelfirith .. 593-617
Edwin of Deira .. 617-633
Eanfrith .. 633-634
Oswald .. 634-642
Oswy .. 642-655

Kings of Deira

Aella .. 560-588
Aethelric of Bernicia .. 588-593
Aethelfrith of Bernicia .. 593-617
Edwin .. 617-633
Osric .. 633-634
Oswald of Bernicia .. 634-642
Oswin .. 644-651
Aethelwald .. 651-655

Kings of all Northumbria

Oswy .. 655-671
Ecgfrith .. 671-685
Aldfrid .. 685-705
Eardwulf I .. 705
Osred I .. 705-716
Coenred .. 716-718
Osric .. 718-729
Ceolwulf .. 729-737
Eadbert .. 737-758
Oswulf .. 758-759
Aethelwald Moll .. 759-765
Alchred .. 765-774
Aethelred I .. 774-779
Aelfwald I.. 779-788
Osred II .. 788-790
Aethelred I (restored) .. 790-796
Osbald .. 796
Eardwulf II .. 796-806
Aelfwald II 806-808
Eardwulf II (restored) .. 808-810
Eanred .. 810-840
Aethelred II .. 840-844
Redwulf .. 844
Aethelred II (restored) .. 844-848
Osbeorht .. 848-867
Aella ..861-867

After whom the Kings of the House of Wessex ruled the whole country.

V

Kings of Wessex

Ceawlin .. 560-592
Ceolric .. 591-597
Ceolwulf .. 597-611
Cynegils .. 611-643
Coenwalch .. 643-645
After whom there was a period of confusion.
[Anarchy .. 645-648]
Coenwalch restored .. 648-672
Queen Seaxburh .. 672-674 ?
Aescwine .. 674-676 ?
Centwine .. 676-685 ?
Ceadwalla .. 685-688
Ine .. 688-726
Aethelheard .. 726-740
Cuthred .. 740-756
Sigebert .. 756-757
Cynewulf .. 757-786
Beorhtric .. 786-802
Ecgbert .. 802-839

VI

The House of Ecgbert
Kings of All England

Ecgbert .. 802-839
Aethelwulf .. 839-858
Aethelbald .. 858-860
Aethelbert .. 860-866
Alfred .. 871-900

The next King of Wessex was Edward the Elder [900-924], and he is generally reckoned as the first real King of all England, though his predecessors as far back as Ecgbert had claimed, but had been unable to enforce, a sovereignty over the whole country. He and his successors, English and Danish, are as follows:
Edward the Elder .. 900-924
Aethelstan .. 924-939
Edmund I .. 939-946
Eadred .. 946-955
Eadwig .. 955-959
Eadgar .. 959-975
Edward II the Martyr .. 975-978
Aethelred II, the Redeless .. 978-1016
(Sweyn .. 1014)
Edmund II Ironside .. 1016

Danes

Cnut .. 1016-1035
Harold I, Harefoot .. 1035-1040
Harthacnut .. 1040-1042
——
Edward III the Confessor .. 1042-1066
——
Harold II Godwineson .. 1066
——
William the Conqueror .. 1066

William was born in around 1028, in Falaise, Normandy the illegitimate son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy. He was known as 'William the Bastard' to his contemporaries. On his father's death in 1035, William was recognised as heir, with his great uncle serving as regent. In 1042, he began to take more personal control. William was duke of Normandy and, as William I, the first Norman king of England. He defeated and killed the last Anglo-Saxon king of England at the Battle of Hastings. William was victorious and on Christmas Day 1066, he was crowned king in Westminster Abbey. A Norman aristocracy became the new governing class and many members of the native English elite, including bishops, were replaced with Normans.

VII

Danish Kings of York.

Halfdene .. 876—877
Guthred-Cnut .. 833—894
Siefred (Sievert) .. 893—896

? ? ?

— After whom this part of the country passed into the hands of Aethelwald of Wessex of the royal house from 900 to 902, a period of confusion following.

? ? ?

Regnald .. 918—921 ?
Sihtric Caoch .. 921—926
Guthfrith Sihtricson .. 926
After whom Aethelstan of Wessex ruled till 939.
Anlaf I, Guthfrithson .. 940-942
Anlaf II, Quaran .. 942-944
After whom Edmund and Eadred of Wessex ruled till 947.
Eric Blood Axe .. 947-948
Anlaf Quaran (restored) .. 949-952
Eric Blood Axe (restored) .. 952-954

A History of England In Seven Volumes. [Volume I] England before the Norman Conquest, being a history of the Celtic, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods down to the year A.D. 1066 . General Editor: Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman, M.A., F.B.A. First Published; April 22nd 1910; Second Edition; September 1910; Third Edition; April 1913; Fourth Edition; 1919

Wanderings in Anglo-Saxon Britain ([1927]) Author: Arthur Edward Pearse Brome Weigall
Subject: Great Britain -- Antiquities, Saxon; Great Britain -- History Anglo Saxon period, 449-1066. Author followed the lists given at the end of Sir Charles Oman's England before the Norman Conquest.

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