"There are mysteries deep that we cannot unravel,
And bonds of affinity ever unguess'd,
While the Road to Research is a hard one to travel,
And many's the query, and weary the quest.
There are circuits of Thought, growing fainter and wider,
Like circles in water when pebbles are thrown
Our shallow philosophy never has known."


Aristocracy In England, Adam Badeau, 1885, 1886

British Ranks of Nobility (http://www.britishhistoryclub.com)- Now a broken link

The Historic Peerage Of England, The Late Sir Harris Nicolas, G.C.M.G. Revised, Corrected, And Continued To The Present Time, Including All Recent Creations, Extinctions, Deaths, Etc., William Courthope, Esq., Somerset Herald; Of The Middle Temple, Barrister At Law, London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1857


Art Journal; (nineteenth century)

Encyclopedia of World Biography on artists

www.ehow.com: definition-victorian-art

Dictionary of national biography

Encyclopedia Britannica.

The Royal Academy of Arts, A Complete Dictionary of Contributors and Their Work

Kate Greenaway (A Tribute), M. H. Speilmann and G. S. Layard, 1905

Royal Academy Catelogues

Redgrave's Dictionary English Artists

Graves's Dictionary of Artists

Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers

Artists of the Nineteenth Century; Biographical Sketches

Artist biographies: multiple, infividual sources.


Coronation Anecdotes; or Select And Interesting Fragments Of English Coronation Ceremonies, Giles Gossip, Esq. 1901

English Coronation Records, Leopold G. Wickham Legg, B.A., 1901

The Coronation Regalia: Origin of the Coronation Ceremony

The English Regalia, Cyril Davenport, 1897


Guide to the Crystal Palace and park, Samuel Phillip; illustrated by P.H. Delamotte, 1855

Tallis's illustrated London: history and description of the Crystal palace, and the Exhibition of the world's industry in 1851, William Gaspey, 1852


English Society at Home, George DuMaurier, 1880

Excellence, and Perversion of Wakes or Parish Feasts, George Cope, Hereford, 1816

Impressions of London Social Life, Ehrman Syme Nadal, 1875

London As It Is: Being a Series of Observations on the Health, Habits, and Amusements of the People, John Hogg, 1837

London labour and the London poor, Henry Mayhew, c.1895?

Our People, Charles Keene, 1881

The Rural Life of England, William Howitt, originally published in two volumes, 1838, 1840

The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions, Thorstein Veblen, 1899

Then and Now, Babies And Children, Education, Gentle And Other Men, Betting And Gambling, The True Gentleman, Gentle And Other Women, The Wife, The Nurse, Games, Sports, Recreations, Teetotallers, Wise And Otherwise, Clergy-Laity, Preaching And Speaking, Locomotion, Cycling, Books Old And New, Parties I Political, Parties II Social, Parties III Religious, Our Homes, Our Horticulture, Dean Hole, 1901

Working-Class Culture and Working-Class Politics in London, 1870-1900: Notes on the Remaking of a Working Class, Journal of Social History, Gareth Stedman Jones


The British Empire, Dr. F. H. Geffcken, 1889.

English Past and Present, Richard Chevenix Trench, Edited by A. Smythe Palmer, Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org, 1905

Ideal Empires and Republics: Rousseau's Social More's Utopia, Bacon's New Atlantis, Campanella's City of the Sun, with an Introduction by Charles M. Andrews, 1901

Portrait Of The Sixties, Justin McCarthy, 1903

English Items: or, Microscopic Views England And Englishmen, Matt. F. Ward, 1853


The Circus at Astley's Punch, Jan.-Jun. 1850

Victorian London, Entertainment and Recreation, Theatre and Shows


Dunbar's Complete Etiquette. Clear And Concise Directions For Correct Manners, Conversation, Letters of Introduction, Dinner Parties, Visiting, Travelling, Dancing, Dress, Table-Talk, Anecdote, Bridal Etiquette, M. C. Dunbar, 1884

The Lady's Guide to Perfect Gentility, in Manners, Dress, and Conversation. By Emily Thornwell, 1856

Etiquette For Funerals, Dunbar's Complete Etiquette 1884

Good Manners, The Butterick Publishing Company, 1889

Habits of Good Society, The: A Handbook of Etiquette for Ladies and Gentleman, James Hogg, 1859

Manners and Rules of Good Society, editions stretching from 1889 to 1943

Manners and Rules of Good Society, Lady Colin Campbell, 1911

Routledge's Manual of Etiquette, George Routledge, 1812-1888, Etiquette for ladies, Etiquette for gentlemen, ball-room companion, courtship/matrimony, how to dress well, how to carve, toasts and sentiments

Sensible Etiquette of The Best Society, Customs, Manners, Morals, And Home Culture; Harrietta Oxnard Ward, 1878

The Essential Handbook of Victorian Etiquette, written and published by Professor Thomas E. Hill between 1873 and 1890

Professor Hill's Guide to Love and Marriage; The Rules of Conduct that Govern Good Society

Dancing And Prompting Etiquette And Deportment of Society and Ball Room, Professor Bonstein, 1884


Charles Frederick Worth, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia: Charles Frederick Worth

Columbia Encyclopedia: Charles Frederick Worth

Cheap Clothing, Alexandra Magazine, Ellen Barlee, 1865, In the third issue of The Rational Dress Society's Gazette (1888) an article 'On Fashion' talks about the empire of fashion

Godey's Lady's Book

Le Follet, The London and Paris Ladies' Magazine of Fashion and The World of Fashion


Certain Personal Matters; The Language Of Flowers, H.G. Wells, 1901


Rosebery: Statesman in Turmoil by Leo McKinstry Hiatt, 1906, First Published, February, 1902, Second Edition, 1906

The Yoke Of Empire, Sketches Of The Queen's Prime Ministers, Reginald B. Brett, 1896

The Political history of England, William Hunt, 1905


A History Of Our Own Times Vol. I. From The Accession of Queen Victoria to the General Election of 1880, Justin McCarthy, M.P. In Two Volumes- Vol. I. With an Appendix of Events to the end of 1886, 1887

Burroughs' Encyclopaedia of Astounding Facts and Useful Information, Barkham Burroughs, 1889






Observations on Popular Antiquities, 1777, revised by Henry Ellis, 1813


A Righte Merrie Christmasse, The Story of Christ-tide, John Ashton, 1894

Christmas Cards And Their Chief Designers, Gleeson White, MDCCCXCV (1895)

Christmas In Ritual and Tradition, Christian and Pagan, Clement A. Miles, 1912

Christmas: Its Origin and Associations: Together with Its Historical Events and Festive Celebrations During Nineteen Centuries, William Francis Dawson, 1902

The Book of Christmas: Descriptive of The Customs, Ceremonies, Traditions, Superstitions, Fun, Feeling, And Festivities of The Christmas Season, Thomas K. Hervey, 1845

The Christmas Book of Carols and Songs, Edited By W. S. W. Anson With Twelve Coloured Plates by Alan Wright and Vernon Stokes, 1905

The Wassail-Bowl, Albert Smith, 1843


Cassell's Dictionary of Cookery, c.1892

Dainty Cook Book, Mrs. Nelson Oliphant, 1902

Rights, Duties, and Relations of Domestic Servants [The], Their Masters and Mistresses, T. Henet Batlis, M.A. 1857

The Book of Household Management, Mrs. Isabella Beeton, 1861

The illustrated London cookery book, Frederick Bishop, MDCCCLII Equivalent to 1853

Warne's model cookery and housekeeping book containing complete instructions in household management. New ed. compiled and edited by Mary Jewry; with original illustrations, printed in colours by Kronheim. Published 1892 by F. Warne The original work, of which this is a condensation, is entitled Warne's model cookery, 1800 Alec-Tweedie, Mrs. (Ethel), d. 1940


Londina Illustrata; graphic and historic memorials of monasteries, churches, chapels, schools, charitable foundations, palaces, halls, courts, processions, places of early amusement and modern/present theatres, in the city and suburbs of London and Westminster, Robert Wilkinson, 1819-25

Randolph Caldecott, 1887

Prints Online: Photographs, Framed Prints and Photo Gifts

The Queen's London, a pictorial and descriptive record of the streets, buildings, parks, and scenery of the great metropolis in the fifty-ninth year of the reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, Cassell, 1896, antiquemapsandprints.com



A Book For Summer Time In The Country, Rev. Robert Aris Willmott, 1852

Travels In London, W. M. Thackeray, 1889


Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, J. 0. Halliwell

Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English, J. S. Farmer and the Late W. E. Henley. Abridged from the seven-volume work

Glossary of Words, Phrases, Names and Illusions, Archdeacon Nares. Edited By J. O. Halliwell And T. Wright

Passing English of the Victorian era: a dictionary of heterodox English, slang and phrase, John Foster, M.A. Passing English of The Victorian Era, James Redding Ware, (Forming A Supplement To The Above.) 1909


Charles Dickens, Sketches by Boz, 1836

Leaders in Literature; Being Short Studies of Great Authors in the Nineteenth Century, P. Wilson, M.A.

May and December, Catherine Anne Hubback, 1855



A Handbook for London, Past and Present. In Two Volumes.

About London, J. Ewing Ritchie, 1860

Cruchley's London in 1865: A Handbook for Strangers, 1865

Cruchley's picture of London: comprising the history, rise, and progress of the metropolis to the present period, G.F. Cruchley, 1840

Days and Nights in London, J. Ewing Ritchie, 1859

Gaslight and Daylight with London scenes, George Augustus Sala, 1859

Hand-Book of London, Peter Cunningham, 1850

Here And There In London, J. Ewing Ritchie, 1859

Hogarth's London: pictures of the manners of the eighteenth century, 1909

Lights and Shadows of London Life, in Two Volumes, James Payn, 1867

Mayfair and Belgravia: being an historical account of the parish of St. George, Hanover Square, George Clinch, 1892

Modern history of the city of London; a record of municipal and social progress, from 1760 to the present day, Charles Welch, 1896

New Picture of London and Visitor's Guide to its Sights, 1844

One of the Old Brigade, London in the Sixties, Donald Shaw, 1908

South London, with an etching by Francis S. Walker, R. E. and 119 illustrations, Sir Walter Besant

The Book of Snobs, and Travels in London, William Makepeace Thackerey, 1879

The London burial grounds: notes on their history from the earliest times to the present day, Mrs. Basil Holmes, 1896

The Night Side of London, James Ewing Ritchie, 1857

The Pictorial Story of The Tower of London

The town; its memorable characters and events. St. Paul's to St. James's, Leigh Hunt, 1848

The West And East Ends of London, Harpers New Monthly Magazine, Richard Harding Davis, January 1894

Gardens of Celebrities and Celebrated Gardens in and around London, Jessie Macgregor, 1918

The picture of London for 1819: being a correct guide to all the curiosities, amusements, John Feltham, 1819


Illustrated London News, 1843

Illustrated London News, January 29, 1848

London Times - Essays From The London Times; A Collection of Personal and Historical Sketches

Penny Illustrated Paper, 1869, 1870, 1875

Sanitary Aspects, 1870

Saturday Review, 16 June 1866

The Times, December 13, 1876

The Times, December 14, 1876

The Times, Oct. 20, 1871

The Idler Magazine, An Illustrated Monthly, April 1893


Hyde Park, Its History and Romance, Mrs. Alec Tweedie (nee Harley), illustrations and maps, 1908

The Municipal Parks, Gardens, and Open Spaces of London, John James Sexby, 1898

The Royal Parks and Gardens of London, Nathan Cole, 1877

The Story of the London Parks, Jacob Larwood, c.1876?


Cremorne and the later London Gardens, Warwick Wroth, 1907

The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions, Thorstein Veblen, 1899

Views of the Pleasure Gardens of London, H.A.Rogers, 1896

Amusements of Old London, William Biggs Boulton, 1901


The London Pulpit, J. Ewing Ritchie, 1858

The churches of London: a history and description of the ecclesiastical edifices of the metropolis: with biographical anecdotes of eminent persons, notices of remarkable monuments, George Godwin

The Religious Life of London, R. Ewing, 1870


Memoirs of The Court of George IV, from Original Family Documents, The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, K.G., In Two Volumes. Vol. II., 1859

Pitkins Royal Family Pictorial Souvenirs

The Pictorial Story of Clarence House

The Pictorial Story of Royal London

The Pictorial Story of The Royal Household

The Pictorial Story of Windsor Castle

The Royal Line of Succession, Patrick U. Montague Smith, Assistant Editor, Debrett


London of Today, An Illustrated Book For This Season, And For All Seasons, Charles Eyre Pascoe, 1892

London Season, Louis T. Stanley, 1956


Badminton Library of Sports and Pastimes [The], 28 Volumes, Edited by His Grace The Duke of Beaufort, K.G. Assisted by Alfred S. T. Watson, Bibliographical Note, First Edition, June 1888; Reprinted August 1888, January 1889, September 1890. New Edition, thoroughly revised and with additions, December 1893. New Edition, thoroughly revised and with additions, July 1898.

Dancing, Mrs. Lilly Grove, F.R.G.S., and other writers, 1907, Bibliographical Note, First Edition, November 1895, Cheaper Reissue, July 1901, April 1907

Archery , C. J. Longman and Col. H. Walrond with Contributions by Miss Legh, Viscount Dillon, Major C Hawkins Fisher, Rev. Eyre W. Hussey, Rev. W. K. R. Bedford, J. Balfour, Paul, L. W., First Edition September 1896. Reissue 1901

Boating, The Badminton Library Of Sports And Pastimes, W. B. Woodgate, 1888

Colonial History of Cricket

Cricket, The Badminton Library Of Sports And Pastimes, A. G. Steel and The Hon. R. H. Lyttelton, with Contributions by A. Lang, W. G. Grace, R. A. H. Mitchell, and F. Gale, 1898

Bike Magazine, Victoria Rumble: thistledewbooks.com

Pastimes for Ladies on Three Wheels, The Lady's World, 1887

The Latest Style Cycling, The Badminton Library Of Sports And Pastimes, The Right Hon. The Earl Of Albemarle And G. Lacy Hillier, First printed March 1887; Reprinted January 1889; New Edition, revised and with additions, January 1891; Reprinted, with additions to Appendix, bringing Records up to date, January 1894. New Edition, September 1895, thoroughly revised, with many new illustrations and with Records brought up to January 1, 1895; Reprinted January 1896

Woman's Life entitled Where Society Women Learn to Cycle, 1895


History of Lawn Tennis, 1873 to 1900: driftwaycollection.com/

Ancient Customs, Sports, and Pastimes of the English, Jehoshaphat Aspin, 1832

Strutt's Glig-Gamena Angel-Deod; or, the Sports and Pastimes of the People of England (London, 1801) was enlarged by William Hone and brought out in new editions in 1830, 1841, and 1875; revised and enlarged by J. Charles Cox in 1903

Riding for Ladies, E. Kerr, 1895


A Chronicle of the St. James's Theatre from its origin in 1835: The Theatre, 1900?

Chronicle history of the London stage, 1559-1642, Frederick Gard Fleay, 1890


Childhood of Queen Victoria, Mrs. Gerald Gurney (Dorothy Frances Blomfield), 1901

Queen Victoria, Richard R. Holmes, M.V.O., F.S.A. Librarian At Windsor Castle (Authorised By H.M. Queen Victoria) 1901

Queen Victoria: Scenes And Incidents of Her Life and Reign, T. Frederick Ball, Tenth Edition, 1888

Reign of Queen Victoria Vol. II, A Survey of Fifty Years of Progress, Edited By Thomas Humphry Ward, M.A., Late Fellow Of Brasenose College, Oxford, 1887

The End of A Glorious Reign, The Beautiful Life And Illustrious Reign of Queen Victoria, Rev. John Rusk, Ph.D., 1901

The Personal Life of Queen Victoria, Sarah A. Tooley, 1901

The Pictorial Story of All The Queen's Horses

The Queen's Animals, G. B. Burgin and E. M. Jessop

The Victorian exhibition: Illustrating Fifty Years of Her Majesty's reign, 1837-1887, Marlborough New London Gallery, 1891-2

V. R. I. Queen Victoria, Her Life And Empire, Marquis of Lorne, K.T. Now His Grace The Duke Of Argyll, 1901

Victoria The Woman, Frank Hird, 1908

Victoria, the Queen of Picnics, Pam Freir

Victoria: A Memorial Volume


Exercises for Ladies: calculated to preserve and improve beauty, and to prevent and correct personal defects, inseparable from constrained or careless habits. Donald Walker, 2nd ed.: with great additions and improvements as well as original communications from Madam Dulcken on the proper seat at the pianoforte, from Mr. Bochsa on the proper seat at the harp, from Mr. Schulz on the proper seat at the guitar, etc. etc. etc. Thomas Hurst, 1837


Pictorial History of Westminster Abbey, Canon Adam Fox, D.D., Archdeacon of Westminster, The Collegiate Church of Saint Peter In Westminster

Architecture and history, and Westminster Abbey, William Morris, 1900

Westminster, With illustrations by William Patten and others, Sir Walter Besant, c.1895

A Short History and Description of the Church and Conventual Buildings with Notes on the Monuments

Building Dates of Westminster Abbey, Building of The Cloister, Francis Bond, 1909

History of The Church of St. Peter, Westminster, Commonly Called Westminster Abbey. Chiefly From Manuscript Authorities, Richard Widmore, M. A. Librarian to the Dean and Chapter, and Author of an Enquiry into the Time of the First Foundation of the Abbey, Jos. Fox, C. Tovey, MDCCLI (Roman Numerals) Equivalent to number 1851

Impressions of Westminster Abbey, an illustrated text to accompany seven etchings, A. H. Haig, 1885

Westminster Abbey, W. J. Loftie, B.A., F.S.A., 1891

Westminster Abbey: A Short History and Description of the Church, Charles Hiatt, 1906, First Published, February, 1902. Second Edition, 1906

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Survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that is often difficult to discover.