Alice Alice

≈Alice Maud Mary Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse
b. 25 April 1843, d. 14 December 1878
married Ludwig IV Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Großherzog von Hessen und bei Rhein (the Grand Duke of Hesse) on 1 July 1862.
Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 5 Apr 1863, d. 24 Sep 1950.

Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 1 Nov 1864, d. 17 Jul 1918
She was executed by the Bolsheviks by being thrown down a mineshaft.

Irene Luise Maria Anna Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 11 Jul 1866, d. 11 Nov 1953

Ernst Ludwig Karl Albert Wilhelm Großherzog von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 25 Nov 1868, d. 9 Oct 1937

Friedrich Wilhelm August Viktor Leopold Ludwig Prinz von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 7 October 1870 , d. 29 May 1873
He died from haemophilia, triggered as a result of a fall from a bedroom window.

Victorie Alix Helene Luise Beatrice Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 6 Jun 1872, d. 16 Jul 1918
She married Nikolai II Aleksandrovich Romanov, Tsar of Russia on 26 November 1894, executed by the Bolsheviks.

Marie Victoria Feodore Leopoldine Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein
b. 24 May 1874, d. 16 Nov 1878 from black diptheria.

   Prinzessin von Hessen und bei Rhein (Prince of Hesse and By Rhine)


When she was 17, Queen Victoria decided it was time for Princess Alice to marry. She personally chose Prince Ludwig and Hesse as an ideal choice for her third daughter. Ludwig went on to become the Grand Duke Louis XIV. Within six months of arranging the introduction, they were married. Unfortunately, the marriage began in the shadow of Prince Albert's death (he had died shortly after arranging the introduction between Alice and Ludwig). Alice went on to to have seven children -- Victoria, Elizabeth, Ernst-Ludwig, Irene, Friedrich Wilheim (Frittie), Alix and Marie. Again, tragedy was to strike with the accidental death of her son Frittie. Alice saw her toddler run to the window. To her horror, she found out too late that the window was not locked. The toddler fell 20 feet and landed on his head. Frittie was dead within a few hours. This lost weighed deeply on Alice and she went through a great depression. She mourned the loss until her own death, and always talked about being reunited with Frittie in heaven. Her daughter Alix married Nicholas II the last Russian tzar.


The great-grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the consort of Queen Elizabeth II. She had a reputation for sweetness of disposition, and was said to play the role of peacemaker in the often stormy royal household. In 1862 she married Prince Louis of Hesse; the couple lived at Darmstadt, Hesse and had seven children. An interest in child welfare led the princess to make the Neues Palais a centre of philanthropic activity. It was later learned that Alice carried and passed on the haemophilia gene she inherited from Queen Victoria to several of her own children.
Alice died at thirty-five from an epidemic of diphtheria that swept the palace affecting all but one of her children.


Alice Maud Mary, Grand Duchess of Hesse-Darmstadt (1843-1878)

Second daughter and third child of Queen Victoria, was born at Buckingham Palace, on the 25th of April 1843. A pretty, delicate-featured child - "cheerful, merry, full of fun and mischief," as her elder sister described her - fond of gymnastics, a good skater and an excellent horsewoman, she was a general favourite from her earliest days. Her first years were passed without particular incident in the home circle, where the training of their children was a matter of the greatest concern to the queen and the prince consort. Among other things, the royal children were encouraged to visit the poor, and the effect of this training was very noticeable in the later life of Princess Alice. After the marriage of the Princess Royal in 1858, the new responsibilities devolving upon Princess Alice, as the eldest daughter at home, called forth the higher traits of her character, and brought her into still closer relationship with her parents, and especially with her father. In the summer of 1860, at Windsor Castle, Princess Alice first met her future husband, Prince Louis of Hesse. An attachment quickly sprang up, and on the prince's second visit in November they were formally engaged. In the following year, on the announcement of the contemplated marriage, the House of Commons unanimously voted a dowry of £30,000 and an annuity of £6000 to the princess. In December 1861, while preparations were being made for the marriage, the prince consort was struck down with typhoid fever, and died on the 14th. Princess Alice nursed her father during his short illness with the utmost care, and after his death devoted herself to comforting her mother under this terrible blow. Her marriage took place at Osborne, on the 1st of July 1862. The princess unconsciously wrote her own biography from this period in her constant letters to Queen Victoria, a selection of which, edited by Dr. Carl Sell, were allowed to be printed in 1883. These letters give a complete picture of the daily life of the duke and duchess, and they also show the intense love of the latter for her husband, her mother and her native land. She managed to visit England every year, and it was at her special request that when she died her husband laid an English flag upon her coffin.

In the war between Austria and Prussia in 1866, HesseDarmstadt was upon the side of the Austrians; Prince Louis accompanied his troops to the front, and was duly appointed by the grand-duke to the command of the Hessian division. This was a time of intense trial to the princess, whose husband and brother-in-law, the crown prince of Prussia, were necessarily fighting upon opposite sides. The duke of Hesse also took part in the principal battles of the Franco-Prussian war, while the duchess was actively engaged in organizing hospitals for the relief of the sick and wounded. The death of the duke's father, Prince Charles of Hesse, on the 10th of March 1877, was followed by that of the grand-duke on the 13th of June, and Prince Louis succeeded to the throne as Grand Duke Louis IV. In the summer of 1878 the grand-duke and duchess, with their family, came again to England, and went to Eastbourne, where the duchess remained for some time. She returned to Darmstadt in the autumn, and on the 8th of November 1878 her daughter, Princess Victoria, was attacked by diphtheria. Three more of her children, as well as her husband, quickly caught the disease, and the youngest, "May," succumbed on the 16th. On the 7th of December the princess was herself attacked, and, being weakened by nursing and anxiety, had not strength to resist the disease, which proved fatal on the 14th of December, the seventeenth anniversary of her father's death. She left one son and four daughters.

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