(14 June 1819 - 4 March 1895)
Charles Lanman was born at Monroe, Michigan, on June 14, 1819, the son of Charles James Lanman, and the grandson of United States Senator James Lanman. Lanman's early life included newspaper work as editor of the Monroe Gazette in 1845, associate editor of the Cincinnati Chronicle in 1846, and as a member of the editorial staff of the New York Express in 1847. He spent 1835 to 1845, at The Hudson River School in New York, where he met many artists, including Washington Irving. Lanman studied art under Asher B. Durand and at 28 became an elected associate of the National Academy of Design in 1846.
Lanman's career included service as librarian for the U.S. War Department, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the City of Washington Library; head of the returns office in the U.S. Interior Department; private secretary to Senator Daniel Webster; American secretary to the Japanese legation; and assistant assessor for the District of Columbia.
Charles Lanman collected biographies of former and sitting Members of Congress for his Dictionary of the United States Congress, published by J. B. Lippincott & Co. in 1859. This eventually became the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Lanman's published writings include several collections of essays and books, including two biographies.
Lanman frequently exhibited paintings and sketches from nature in oil. He made “sketching trips” to every state east of the Rockies. Many of those early sketches were published in The Illustrated London News and in various American magazines. Among his pictures are:
Written accounts of his own travels and extensive explorations in the United States included:
Additional works included:
He has edited:
The artist brought his sophisticated Hudson River School style to Washington where he had a wide and profound influence. As William Gerdts records, “The most notable development in Washington painting in the years following the Civil War was the appearance of an increasingly active coterie of landscape painters…The most significant one to settle there at mid-century was Charles Lanman…. With his contemporary, William MacLeod, Lanman introduced the topographical Hudson River School style to the city.”
Lanman was a frequent exhibitor at the National Academy of Design, the Brooklyn Art Association, the American Art Union and the Society of Washington Artists, where he was also an active member. While he never neglected the duties of his art career, Lanman also distinguished himself as private secretary to Daniel Webster, librarian of the White House, secretary to the Japanese Legation in Washington, and cataloguer of W.W. Corcoran’s art collection. Today, Lanman’s paintings can be found in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, the Dartmouth University Art Gallery, and the Walters Art Museum.© Copyright Ownership: -- Questroyal Collection of American Paintings -- questroyalfineart.com
Author and artist, was born in Monroe, Michigan; son of Charles James Lanman (1769-1870), receiver of public money for the district of Michigan; and grandson of James Lanman, U.S. senator front Connecticut. He attended the Plainfield academy, near Norwich, Connecticut, 1829-35. He was merchant's clerk in an East India house in New York city, 1835-45, and while thus engaged he commenced the study of art under Asher B. Durand.
Among his paintings are:
He returned to Monroe, Mich., and was editor of the Gazette, 1845; removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was editor of the Chronicle in 1846; and returning to New York, he was engaged as assistant editor of the Express, 1847-48. He visited Washington, D.C., in 1848, in the interest of that journal and became permanently identified as correspondent of the National Intelligencer. He was librarian of the war department, 1849-50; and librarian of copyrights in the state department, 1850-51, resigning his official positions at Secretary Webster's request in 1851 to become his private secretary in the state department. He was examiner of depositories for the southern states, 1853-55; librarian and chief of the returns office of the department of the interior, 1855-57; librarian of the house of representatives in 1866; secretary of the Japanese legation, 1871-72, and assistant assessor of the District of Columbia in 1885. He was married in 1849 to Adeline Dodge. In 1846 he was elected an associate of the National Academy of Design.
He was an extensive traveller, having visited every state east of the Rocky mountains on sketching trips, and was one of the first artists to produce upon canvas the beauties of many locations, then new to artists, especially in North Carolina and in the Saguenay region of Canada. He edited:
LANMAN, CHARLES, journalist, librarian, author, was born June 14, 1819, in Monroe, Michigan. In 1849, he was librarian of the war department at Washington, D.C.; and in 1850, became the private secretary of Daniel Webster. In 1853, he was examiner of depositaries for the southern states; and in 1855-57, was librarian of the interior department. In 1866, he was librarian of the house of representatives; and during 1871-82, was secretary to the Japanese legation.
He was a frequent contributor to American and English publications, and is the author of:
Birth: 14 June 1819, Monroe, Monroe County, Michigan, USA
View painter's work: Charles Lanman (1819-1895)