Charles Landseer

(12 August 1799 - 22 July 1879)

English painter, mostly of historical subjects. He was born at 71 Queen Anne Street East, London, the second son of the fourteen children of John George Landseer and his wife, Jane, née Potts; the elder brother of the animal painter, Sir Edwin Landseer. He trained under his father, and the painter Benjamin Robert Haydon. He was awarded the silver palette of the Royal Society of Arts for a drawing of "Laocoon" in 1815, and in 1816, he entered the Royal Academy Schools where he was taught by Henry Fuseli.

In 1823, he accompanied Sir Charles Stuart de Rothesay on a diplomatic mission to Portugal and Brazil. Many of the drawings he made on the journey were shown at the British Institution in 1828. He became an associate in of the Royal Academy in 1837, and a full academician in 1845. In 1851, he was appointed Keeper of the Royal Academy, a post requiring him to teach in the "Antique School". He remained in the position until 1873.

Most of his pictures were of subjects from British history, or from literature. He paid close attention to the historical accuracy of the accessories and details in his paintings. His works included "The Meeting of Charles I. and his Adherents before the Battle of Edgehill", "Clarissa Harlowe in the Prison Room of the Sheriff's Office" (1833, now in the collection of the Tate Gallery), "The Pillaging of a Jew's House in the Reign of Richard I (1839", Tate Gallery) and "The Temptation of Andrew Marvel" (1841). Upon his death he bequeathed 10,000 guineas to the Royal Academy to fund scholarships.

Intelligence in Literature and the Arts and Sciences", The New monthly Magazine, 1815; Dictionary of National Biography, William Cosmo Monkhouse, (1892); The history of the Royal Academy of Arts from its foundation in 1768 to the present time: With biographical notices of all the members, William Sandby, (1862)



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Charles Landseer was the elder brother of the more famous Sir Edwin Landseeer. He was a pupil of Haydon and the Royal Academy Schools. In 1836, appeared his "Sacking and Basing House" (now in the National Gallery). He was elected A.R.A. in the following year and became a full member in 1845, and Keeper in 1851. Amongst other good works by him are "Clarissa Harlowe in the Spunging House" (National Gallery), "Charles II. escaping in disguise from Colonel Lane's House", and "The Eve of the Battle of Edgehill">

English Painters: With A Chapter on American Painters.

LANDSEER, Charles, 1799-1879; Elder brother of Sir Edwin. Received his first instructions in art from his father, and from the celebrated historical painter, B. R. Haydon, and entered the school of the royal academy in 1816. Four years later he accompanied Lord Stuart de Rothsay on a mission to Brazil, where he made a large number of drawings and sketches for Dom Pedro I. He made his first exhibition at the royal academy in 1828; in 1837, was elected an associate; and in 1843, an academician. In 1851, he became Keeper of the Academy, and held that office until 1873, when he retired with a pension of the amount of his salary. Among his paintings, the most important are
"Pillaging of a Jew's House;" "The Temptation of Andrew Marvell;" "The Departure of Charles II. from Bentley;" and "The Eve of the Buttle of Edgehill." One of his paintings found a place in the Vernon gallery.

The International Cyclopedia: A Compendium of Human Knowledge, Volume 8, Richard Gleason Greene, Dodd, Mead, 1890.

Landseer, Charles, R. A. Son of John Landseer, and elder brother of Edwin, born 1799. He was a pupil of his father and of Haydon, entering the Royal Academy at the age of sixteen. His picture was exhibited in 1828. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1837, and Academician in 1845. In 1851, he received the appointment of Keeper, a position he held until 1873. While he has never equaled in popularity his younger brother, as an historical painter he has been successful. He is still a regular contributor to the exhibitions of the Royal Academy [publ. 1879].

Artists of the Nineteenth Century, their Works, Biographical Sketches, Clara Erskine Clement and Laurence Hutton, 1879.

Among his earlier works, four are in the National Gallery
The Sacking of Basing House (R. A., 1836) The Pillaging of a Jew's House (R. A., 1839)
Clarissa Harlowe in the Sponging-House" (Society of British Artists, 1833) Bloodhounds and Pups" (British Institute, 1839)
Works Exhibited in the Royal Academy
Trust, I860 Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1861
Savage discovering his Parentage, 1865 Cromwell at the House of Sir Walter Stewart in 1651, 1867
Rustic Gallantry, 1868 Surrender of Arundel Castle in 1643, 1870
Wayfarers, 1871 The Hamlet of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1872
Dick, 1875 A Langum Fishwoman, Tenby, 1876
Pamela concealing her Correspondence between the, 1877


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Birth: 1799
Death: 1879
Artists. Subjects painter. Brother of Sir Edwin Landseer.
Burial: Highgate Cemetery (West), Highgate, London Borough of Camden, Greater London, England