Queen Victoria and Prince Albert Wedding

Queen Victoria in Coronation Robes



Princess Victoria about Age 16

Sir George Hayter

(17 December 1792 - 18 January 1871)

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English painter, was the son of a popular drawing-master and teacher of perspective who published a well-known introduction to perspective and other works. He was born in London, and in his early youth went to sea. He afterwards studied in the Royal Academy, became a miniature-painter, and was appointed in 1816 miniature-painter to the princess Charlotte. He passed some years in Italy, more especially in Rome, between 1816 and 1831, returned to London and resumed portrait painting, now chiefly in oil-colour, executed many likenesses of the royal family, and attained such a reputation for finish and refinement in his work that he received the appointment of principal painter to Queen Victoria and teacher of drawing to the princesses. In 1842 he was knighted. He painted various works on a large scale of a public and semi-historical character, but essentially works of portraiture; such as "The Trial of Queen Caroline", "The Meeting of the First Reformed Parliament," now in the National Portrait Gallery, "Queen Victoria taking the Coronation Oath" (accounted his finest production), "The Marriage of the Queen," and the "Trial of Lord William Russell." The artistic merits of Hayter's works are not, however, such as to preserve to him with posterity an amount of prestige corresponding to that which court patronage procured him.


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Coronation

Prince of Wales Christening

Victoria of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent 1835

Princess Victoria


Sir George Hayter was the son of miniaturist, Charles Hayter but instead specialized in historical and portrait painting. He studied at the Royal Academy and in Rome. In 1837, he was appointed the portrait and history painter to Queen Victoria. After the death of Wilkie in 1841, he was given the title of 'principal painter and ordinary to the queen.' Hayter is remembered for his royal and group portraits. Despite his royal standing, he never was admitted to the Royal Academy and it is speculated that this is because he lived with a woman who was not his wife.



THE ROYAL MARRIAGE PICTURE"

“Mr. Hayter had the honour of submitting to her Majesty his large oil sketch for the grand historical picture of the Marriage, with which her Majesty was graciously pleased to express the highest approval."

"On Saturday, her Majesty honoured Mr. Hayter by sitting to him in the Marriage robes; and his Royal Highness the Prince Albert also sat to him for his great picture of her Majesty’s Marriage.” -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“Her Majesty, the Queen Dowager, and her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, honoured Mr. Hayter by sitting to him in the full Marriage robes, for his picture of that august ceremony.” -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Gloucester did Mr. Hayter the honour to sit for the great Marriage picture." -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“Their Serene Highnesses the Duke of Saxe Coburg-Gotha and Prince Ernest; and their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Cambridge and Princess Augusta of Cambridge, did Mr. Hayter the honour to sit to him, to be painted into the grand picture of her Majesty’s Marriage.” -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“Their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Sussex and Cambridge, and Prince George of Cambridge, honoured Mr. Hayter with a sitting for the historical picture of her Majesty’s Marriage.” -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“On Wednesday last, his Majesty the King of Prussia honoured Messrs. H. Graves and Co. with his autograph in their subscription book, as a subscriber for the forthcoming engraving from the Royal Marriage Picture." -- COURT CIRCULAR.

“Mr. Hayter had the honour yesterday to submit to her Majesty the Queen, his Royal Highness Prince Albert, and the King of Prussia, in Windsor Castle, his most beautifully finished picture of ‘The Royal Marriage’ when her Majesty, Prince Albert, and the king of Prussia, were most graciously pleased to express their entire approbation of this magnificent painting." -- COURT CIRCULAR.

"Her Majesty's Printsellers and Publishers, MESSRS. HENRY GRAVES and Co., have authority to announce that, by HER MAJESTY'S SPECIAL PERMISSION, they will in April have the honour to exhibit, in their Gallery in PalLMall, THE MAGNIFICENT PICTURE OF HER MAJESTY’S MARRIAGE, Painted by GEORGE HAYTER, Esq., M.R.S.L., her Majesty’s Historical and Portrait Painter. Any attempt at Description of this Grand and Noble Picture must he very imperfect; but the Publishers beg to state, that THE SPLENDID ENGRAVING which they are to have the honour of publishing will enable all the admiring Patrons of Art to possess this, "THE ONLY AUTHENTIC MEMORIAL OF ONE OF THE MOST INTERESTING EVENTS OF HER MAJESTY'S REIGN." Subscribers' names for this National Engraving received by Messrs. H. Graves and Co., her Majesty’s Printsellers and Publishers, where the Subscription Book, containing the numerous Autographs of the Royal and Illustrious Subscribers, is now open, and the Impressions will be strictly delivered in the order of subscription. Price to Subscribers: Prints, £4. 4s. ....... Proofs, £8. 8s. ....... Proofs Before Letters, £12. 12s. .......

The Art-Union, A Monthly Journal of the Fine Arts. London, April 1, 1842.

BY COMMAND OF HER MAJESTY, HENRY GRAVES and Co. beg to announce that have nearly ready for Publication, THE MAGNIFICENT ENGRAVING FROM THE GRAND HISTORICAL PICTURE OF THE CORONATION OF HER MAJESTY, QUEEN VICTORIA. Painted by George: Hayter, Esq., M.R.S.L., Her Majesty’s Historical and Portrait Painter; and Engraved in the most splendid style of Art, by H. T. RYALL, Esq., Her Majesty's Historical and Portrait Engraver. Not only has her Majesty been graciously pleased to give MR. HAYTER numerous sittings for this National Picture, but the whole of the Royal Family, the Forelgn Princes, the Dignitaries of the Church, the Ladies and Officers of State, have all (by Special Desire) sat to Mr. Hayter for their individual Portraits; thus combining, in one grand Picture, nearly One Hundred Authentic Portraits of the most Illustrious Personages of the Age, assembled round the throne of our beloved Sovereign, in the venerable Abbey of Westminster.
Price to Subscribers; Prints, £4. 4s. ....... Proofs, £8. 8s. ....... Before Letters, £12. 12s. .......

Among the Numerous Subscribers whose Names already honour the Subscription List for this grand National Engraving, are the following Illustrious Personages:
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE ALBERT,
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN DOWAGER,
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF HANOVER,
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF PRUSSIA,
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF BELGIUM,
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE FRENCH,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUKE OF RUSSIA,
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS OF KENT,
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCESS AUGUSTA,
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS 0F CAMBRIDGE,
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCESS OF HOHENLOHE,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF SUSSEX,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE,
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS 0F GLOUCESTER,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE GEORGE OF CAMBRIDGE,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF LEININGEN,
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE DE NEMOURS,
PRINCE WILLIAM HENRY OF THE NETHERLANDS,
HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY,
HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHOP OF YORK,
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF NORFOLK,
HIS GRACE THE DUKE 0F DEVONSIIIRE,
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF BEDFORD,
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF ARGYLL,
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF SUTHERLAND,
THE FOREIGN AMBASSADORS,
&c. &c. &c.

London: Published by HENRY GRAVES and COMPANY, Printsellers and Publishers in Ordinary to Her Majesty,
6, Pall-Mall.
London: Printed at the oflice of PALMER and CLAYTON, 9, Crane Court, Fleet Street, and Published by How and Parsons, 132, Fleet Street -- March 1,1842.
THE ART-UNION.
A Monthly Journal of the Fine Arts.
No. 39. London: April 1, 1842. Price 1c.