Charles Altamont Doyle

(25 March 1832 - 10 October 1893)

Victorian artist who was the father of Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes. His brother was the artist Richard Doyle, and his father was the artist John Doyle. Although the family was Irish, Doyle was born and raised in England.

In 1849 he moved to Edinburgh, where he met Mary Foley (1837–1920). They were married on 31 July 1855. She was the daughter of William Foley (1804–1841), of Lismore, Co. Waterford and Catherine Pack, daughter of William Percy Pack (first cousin of Major-General Sir Denis Pack) and his wife Catherine Scott, whose great uncle was John Scott, 1st Earl of Clonmell. Mrs. Doyle's mother, Catherine Pack, had been disinherited by her family on converting to Catholicism for her marriage to Mr Foley. When Mr Foley died at Clonmel, Mrs. Doyle's mother had returned to her native Kilkenny, but not relinquishing her new faith. She started her own girl's school there, which was taught principally in French. Either in consequence of the Irish Potato Famine or that her Protestant family had made life intolerable for her there, Mrs. Doyle's mother gave up her school and sold her property in Kilkenny, moving to Edinburgh. There, she set up an institution supplying British and Foreign governesses to families and schools. Charles and Mary met in Edinburgh, and were the parents of several children including Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes, John Francis Innes Hay Doyle (known as Innes or Duff), and Jane Adelaide Rose Foley née Doyle (known as Ida).

Charles Altamont Doyle and son, Arthur

Doyle was not as successful an artist as he wished, and suffered depression and alcoholism. His paintings, which were generally of fairies, such as 'In the shade or A Dance Around The Moon,' or similar fantasy scenes, reflected this, becoming more macabre over time.

In 1881 Doyle was committed to a nursing home (Fordoun House) specialising in alcoholism. While there, his depression grew worse, and he began suffering epileptic seizures. Following a violent escape attempt he was sent to Sunnyside, Montrose Royal Lunatic Asylum, where he continued to paint. He died in Crichton Royal Institution in Dumfries in 1893.

An edition of "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle was published in 1888, with illustrations by Charles Doyle. In the Sherlock Holmes story "His Last Bow", Holmes uses 'Altamont' as his undercover name.

Doyle's most outstanding accomplishment was designing the Fountain at Holyrood Palace. From his art work however he was unable to earn enough to live on and so worked for the Scottish government for thirty years.