(19 July 1793 - 22 July 1856)
American artist of the Hudson River School. Born in Philadelphia, Thomas Doughty was the first American artist to work exclusively as a landscapist and was successful both for his skill and the fact that Americans were turning their interest to landscape. He was known for his quiet, often atmospheric landscapes of the rivers and mountains of Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and especially the Hudson River Valley. He taught himself how to paint while apprenticing for a leather manufacturer. In 1827 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. He worked mostly in Philadelphia, but also lived and worked in Boston and New York.
Doughty, Thomas. (Am.) Born in Philadelphia (1793- 1856). Spent his youth in mercantile pursuits, painting in his leisure moments without a master, gradually developing a decided talent for art, which he finally adopted as a profession, about 1820. He worked in London and Paris as well as in the United States, and his landscapes during his life were very popular and are still prized. His "View on the Hudson," a small canvas, was sold at the Johnston sale in 1876. Among his other and better-known works are, "A View near Paris," "Scene on the Susquehanna," " Peep at the Catskills", "Old Mill," etc.
"For some years the demand for and the reputation of Doughty's pictures indicated a high rank and an effective style. He was one of the earliest American artists to make evident the charm of what is called the 'silvery tone,' and to reproduce with genuine grace and emphasis autumnal effects." -- Tuckerman's Book of the Artists.Artists of the Nineteenth Century and their Works. A Handbook containing Biographical Sketches. By Clara Erskine Clement and Laurence Hutton, 1879.