Jasper Francis Cropsey, N.A.

(18 February 1823 - 23 April 1900)

Born at Staten Island, New York, Cropsey was in an architect's office for five years, when he turned his attention to the study of landscape-painting. In 1847 he went to Europe, spending three years in Italy. In 1851 he was made a full member of the New York Academy of Design. In 1857 he went again to Europe, living in London in the practice of his profession until 1863, sending to the Royal Academy there, in 1857, his "Backwoods of America"; and in other seasons, "Autumn on the Hudson," which was also at the International Exhibition of 1862; "Richmond Hill, -- Midsummer"; "Autumn in the White Mountains"; "Corfe Castle, Dorset"; "Under the Cliff"; "Sea-Coast," and "Roadside" (and of views at Bonchurch, Isle of Wight). Among other English works of his may be mentioned, "Stoke Poges," "Warwick Castle," "The Olden Time." and "Anne Hathaway's Cottage" (purchased by Edwin Booth). After his return to America he devoted himself particularly to the painting of autumn scenery, exhibiting at the National Academy, in 1868, " Mount Jefferson, New Hampshire" (belonging to R. M. Olyphant, a picture which was at the Paris Exposition of 1867). In 1869 he sent to the National Academy, "A Coast Scene"; in 1870, "Greenwood Lake" and "The Narrows from Staten Island"; 1871, "A Lake Scene" (the property of Alexander Stuart); 1874, "On the Wawayanda"; 1875, "Southern Italy" and "Sidney Plains" (painted for John N. Johnston); in 1876, "Autumn on the Ramapo"; in 1877, "Lake George," "Greenwood Lake," and "The Temple of Pæstum"; in 1878, " Cedar Lake, Wawayanda Mountains."

To the Exhibitions of the American Society of Painters in Water-color which he was one of the original members, he sent in 1868, "Isle of Wight"; in 1869, "White Mountain Scenery"; in 1877, "Lake"; in 1878, "On the St. Lawrence River."

His "Wawayanda Hills in Autumn" belongs to Major Theodore Gibbs of New York.

"The result is a fine picture Cropsey's 'Autumn on the Hudson'; full of points that are new without being wholly foreign and strange to the European eye. It will take the ordinary observer into another sphere and region, while its execution will bear any technical criticism." -- London Times, 1862.

"We congratulate Mr. Cropsey on having produced a charming picture ['Richmond Hill '] of a very charming spot, the first view of which leaves with the impressionable observer a bright remembrance never to be destroyed." -- London Builder, 1862.

"Mr. Cropsey contributed 'The Old Mill' and 'Italy,' two pictures very cleverly rendered, though with a peculiar manipulation characteristic of his style, which is often pleasing." -- Prof. Weir's Official Report of the American Centennial Exhibition of 1876.

Artists of the Nineteenth Century, their Work & Biographical Sketches. By Clara Erskine Clement & Laurence Hutton, 1879.