Henry Corbould

(11 August 1787 - 19 December 1844)

The third son of Richard Corbould, he was born in London. He studied painting with his father, and was at an early age admitted as a student of the Royal Academy, under Fuseli, where he gained the silver medal for a study from the life. While at the Academy he made the friendship of Flaxman, Stothard, West, Chantrey, and Westmacott. He several times sat as a model to West in whose picture of 'Christ Rejected' his head was painted for that of St. John; as also in that of 'Christ Healing the Sick in the Temple,' in the National Gallery. In 1808, he exhibited a painting of 'Coriolanus'; in the following year 'The Parting of Hector and Andromache,' and 'Thetis Comforting Achilles,' but his name has been comparatively little before the public except as a designer for books, his time having been almost entirely occupied in making drawings from ancient marbles in the possession of various English noblemen. Those of the Woburn Abbey Marbles, made for the Duke of Bedford, were engraved, but only circulated among a few of his Grace's private friends. This was also the case with those executed for the Earl of Egremont.

The collection of Ancient Marbles in the British Museum, on which he was engaged for about thirty years, was in course of publication at the time of his death. He was also occasionally employed in making drawings for the Dilettanti and Antiquarian Societies, of which he was a member. He was devotedly attached to art, and was surpassed by few in professional knowledge; no painter of his time was more thoroughly acquainted with drawing; and his copies from the antique may be referred to as models of accuracy and truth. Nor was he by any means without fancy and invention: some of his book illustrations are among the most graceful and effective productions of the age; and few designers ever more completely entered into the spirit of the author. He died at Robertsbridge, in 1844, of an attack of apoplexy, supposed to have been brought on by exposure to cold.

The image of Queen Victoria on the Penny Black, the world's first postage stamp, was based on a sketch by Corbould.

Henry Corbould (1787-1844), painter, son of Richard Corbould [q. v.], a landscape and miniature painter, was born in London on 11 August 1787. He entered at an early age the schools of the Royal Academy, where he gained a silver medal for a study from the life, and while there obtained the friendship of Flaxman, Westmacott, Chantrey, and West, to whom he sat as a model in the pictures representing ‘Christ rejected’ and ‘Christ healing the Sick in the Temple.’

Corbould's first picture, ‘A Study,’ was hung in the Academy in 1807, when he resided at 70 John Street, Fitzroy Square. In 1808. he exhibited ‘Coriolanus.’ For a considerable time he was principally engaged in designing for book illustrations, such as The Nightingale, a Collection of Songs set to Music, Elegant Epistles from the most Eminent Writers, The Beauties of Shakespeare, The Works of Virgil, translated into English by John Dryden,’ The Poetical Works of James Beattie, LL.D., and William Collins,’ Logic, or the Right Use of Reason, by Isaac Watts, D.D.

He was, however, employed for about thirty years by the trustees of the British Museum in making highly finished drawings from the Elgin and other marbles in that institution, which were afterwards published, and are now preserved in the department of prints and drawings.

Corbould made drawings from the Duke of Bedford and Lord Egremont's collections; the Dilettanti Society, and the Society of Antiquaries, of which he was a distinguished member. Several of his pictures were engraved by John Bromley, Hopwood, and Robert Cooper. He designed in 1838, the diploma of ‘The Manchester Unity of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows,’ engraved by J. A. Wright. He also made the drawings for an edition of Camden's History of England, most of which were engraved by W. Hawkins. While riding from St. Leonard's to Hurst Green, Sussex, Corbould was seized with an attack of apoplexy, supposed to have been brought on by exposure to cold, and expired on 9 December 1844 at Robertsbridge, in about ten hours after the attack, and was buried in Etchingham Church, Sussex. He left four sons.

Birth and Death Places:
Born: London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)
Died: Robertsbridge (East Sussex, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
Child of Corbould, Richard; (English painter, 1757-1831)
Grandchild of Corbould, George; (English engraver, 1725-1766) Grandparent of Corbould, Alfred Chantrey; (English painter, illustrator, and draftsman, 1852-1920)
Grandparent of Corbould, Walter Edward; (English painter, born 1860)
Member of Corbould family; (English artists, active 18th-19th centuries)
Parent of Corbould, Alfred Hichens; (English painter, 1821-1874)
Parent of Corbould, Edward Henry; (English painter, sculptor, and illustrator, 1815-1905)
Sibling of Corbould, George; (English engraver and illustrator, 1786-1846)
Uncle of Corbould, Aster Richard Chilton; (English painter and watercolorist, 1811-1882)
Sources and Contributors: [Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists of the English School; manuscript notes in the British Museum; en.Wikimedia; Bryan's Biographical and Critical Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, 1901-2; Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 12, Corbould, Henry, by Louis Alexander Fagan Corbould, Richard.]

The Royal Academy of Arts Contributions:
CORBOULD, Henry (1787-1844). Painter. Address: Master H. Corbould.

1803. 35S - "Paris and Menelaus fighting for Helen". Vide Homer's Iliad.

1804. 499 - Warriors lamenting over a fallen hero.

644 - "Satan rising from the burning lake". Vide Milton's Paradise Lost.

646 - "Satan pondering his voyage". Vide Milton's Paradise Lost. Address: 70, John Street, Fitzroy Square.

1805. 311 - "Mars and Bellona". Vide Bell's Pantheon.

1806. 573 - "Ulysses' descent into Hell". Vide Homer's Odyssey.

1807. 376 - "A study".

1808. 272 "Coriolanus". 'Nay, behold us! this boy', etc.

1809. 109 - "Parting of Hector and Andromache". 'His princess parts with a prophetic sigh', etc.

144 - "Thetis comforting Achilles". 'Why grieves my son?' etc.

354 - "Horticulture and husbandry".

363 - "Heraldry".

1810. 166 - "Benevolence".

389 - "Let it not be sufficient for us to supply our own wants", etc.

1811. 318 - "Nor while on Ellen's faultering tongue", etc. Address: 6, Great Coram Street.

1813. 583 - Design from the fourth canto of Walter Scott's Rokeby.

719 - "Obaddon, the Angel of Death, conducting the soul of Philo to the infernal gulph". Vide Klopstock's Messiah.

1814. 493 - A design from Lord Byron's Corsair. 'She gazed in wonder', etc.

1819. 65 - A subject from Moore's poem of Lalla Rookh. 'Nay, turn not from me that dear face', etc.

External Link: