Chalon   Artists

There were two families of artists of this name, the one Dutch, the other French.

Of the Dutch Chalons were:
Chalon (Christina). Born, Amsterdam, 1749-1808; She was the sister of Jan Chalon, and painted well in gouache (water body colours), but is most known by her excellent etchings.

Chalon (Henry Bernard). 1770-1849.

Chalon (Jan). Born, Amsterdam, 1738-1795, landscapes. He was the son of Hendrick Chalon, who died at Amsterdam in 1741, and grandson of Louis. For his improvement in art, he went to France and came to England, where he settled and remained until his death.

Chalon (Louis). Born, Amsterdam, 1687-Amsterdam, 1741; landscapes. The details of his life are not known, but the landscapes with figures by him are well painted and coloured.

Chalon (M. A.). D. 1867; miniatures. She was a daughter of Henry Bernard Chalon, was miniature painter to the Duke of York, and married Mr. H. Moseley.

These Chalons belonged to an old French Protestant family, some members of which, on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, retired to Geneva. The grandfather of John James was in the service of William III., and was wounded at the Battle of the Boyne. After the French Revolution of 1789, the father of John James came to England, and was appointed Professor of French at Sandhurst.

Of the French Chalons were:

Chalon (John James), brother of Chalon (Alfred Edward). Born, Geneva, 1778; Died, Kensington, 1854; studied Royal Academy; painted landscapes and genre. This son was placed in a commercial house, but a natural inclination towards art led to his becoming, in 1796, a student at the Royal Academy, where, in 1800, he exhibited his first picture, "Banditti at their Repast." This was followed by several landscapes. Up to 1805, his exhibited pictures were in oil, but in 1806, he became an exhibitor at the Watercolour Society's Rooms, and in 1808, a member of the Society, but quitted it in 1813. He had occasionally sent a picture in oil to the Royal Academy, and in 1816, he exhibited his "Napoleon on Board the Bellerophon," a fine picture, which he presented to Greenwich Hospital. "A View of Hastings," also a powerful work, now at South Kensington, was exhibited in 1819. In 1827, he was elected an associate, and in 1841, a full member of the Royal Academy. Besides the above works may be named his "Gil Bias in the Robbers' Cave," and "The Arrival of the Steamboat at Folkestone." He published, in 1820, some humorous "Sketches from Parisian Manners."

The following prices have been paid for pictures in oil by J. J. Chalon:
£ s d
View of Hastings, Chalon's sale... 1861... 31 12 0
Le Bas Coleur de Rose, Chalon's sale 1861 ... 30 9 0
The Pleasures of a Day 1861... 71 8 0
Macbeth and the Witches, dated 1810, (60in. by 84in.), Hamilton's sale 1882... 33 12 0
Portraits of Mrs. Fairlie and two children were disposed of in Chalon's sale (1861) for £23 2s

Chalon (Alfred Edward). Born, Geneva, 1781; Died, Kensington, 1860; studied, Royal Academy; painted portraits and history. He was the younger brother of John James Chalon. Like him, it was intended that Alfred should enter on a commercial career, but he also preferred to become a student at the Royal Academy in 1797. He was a member of the Society of Associated Artists in Watercolours in 1808, and in the same year, with his brother and a few friends, founded "The Sketching Society." In 1810 he exhibited a picture for the first time at the Royal Academy, of which he was elected an associate in 1812, and a full member in 1816. He quickly became the most fashionable painter of portraits in watercolours, many of which are full-lengths, about 15in. high. Owing to his being clean-shaven, and wearing his hair long, as was then general, Chalon's portrait of Charles Dickens looks effeminate, but it was more like than that by Maclise. The fashion of that day gives the same impression of delicate health to many of Chalon's portraits. Many of his portraits of celebrated singers and dancers were engraved. He held the appointment of Painter in Water-colours to the Queen, and painted also some good miniatures on ivory. He produced, moreover, some good pictures in oil, among others, "Hunt the Slipper," "John Knox Reproving the Ladies of Queen Mary's Court" (which was engraved), "Serena," and "Sophia Western." He admired greatly the works of Watteau, and could imitate very happily that painter's style. In 1855, a large collection of his and his brother's works was exhibited at the Society of Arts. He died at an old house on Campden Hill, Kensington, in which he and his brother had lived as bachelors for many years. They were almost inseparable in life, and were buried in the same grave at Highgate.

Pictures in oil by A. E. Chalon have been sold as under:
John Knox Reproving the Ladies of Queen Mary's Court, the engraved picture, Knott's sale... 1845 ... 115l. 10s. 0d.
Hunt the Slipper, Chalon's sale... 1845 ... 72l. 9s. 0d.
Hunt the Slipper (portraits) (bought in) 1861... 89l. 5s. 0d.