John Charles Bromley

(1795 - 1839)

James Bromley

(1800 - 1838 )

Sons of the steel engraver, William Bromley. John Charles attained a higher place than his brother, owing, perhaps, to his longer and more robust life, for James died when he was only thirty-seven, having in that time produced a number of very commendable plates, principally portraits, while his brother, John Charles, directed his efforts to subject pictures, such as "The Trial of Lord William Russell," after Hayter, "Lady Jane Grey Refusing the Crown," after Leslie, and "Entry of Wellington into Madrid," after Hilton. Many of his plates are produced in the mixed method, for he lived and scraped during the period when steel was used in preference to copper.

JOHN CHARLES BROMLEY, (1795-1839): Mezzotint engraver, born in Chelsea, son of prominent engraver William Bromley. He was the first of William Bromley's sons to achieve reputation as an engraver, engraving plates for River Scenery after Turner and Girtin in 1826, and exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1827 and 1829. In 1830, he engraved 'The Trial of Lord William Russell' after Sir George Hayter, and in 1837, he published his mezzotint of Haydon's 'The Reform Banquet'.

-- King George IV, 1827
-- Queen Victoria, after William Bromley, circa 1839
-- Sarah Siddons (née Kemble) as the Tragic Muse, after Sir J. Reynolds mezzotint, 1832
-- Portrait of the famous African explorer Dixon Denham, after Thomas Phillips, Esq. R.A. (1826), Mezzotint print 1831

Mr. John Charles Bromley. April 3, 1839. Aged 44, of water on the chest, Mr. John Charles Bromley, Engraver in Mezzotint, second son of Mr. William Bromley, A.E.R.A. and brother to James. To lose two sons so highly gifted in the prime of their lives and in full possession of their talents, is an affliction of no ordinary kind. A few of Mr. J. C. Bromley's works are as follows:
-- Miss Russell Mitford (after J. Lucas) 1830
-- The Bride Maid (E. T. Parris print) 1831
-- Colonel Denham, the African traveller (T. Phillips, R.A.) 1831
-- Marquis of Lansdowne, (Sir Thomas Lawrence, P.R.A. print) 1831
-- Spanish Girl with her Nurse (after Muriilo) 1831
-- Death of a Stag in Glen Tilt, portraits of His Grace the Duke of Athol, and of Honourable George Murray (E. Landseer, R. A. print) 1833
-- The Light Guitar, (J. W. Wright) 1833
-- Portrait of Mrs. Wolfe; private: (Sir T. Lawrence, P.R.A.)
-- Trial of Lord Russell (from Hayter) (again, referenced to each brother)
-- Lady Jane Gray declining the Crown (Leslie).
-- Trial of Algernon Sidney (Stephauoff) 1835
-- The Bishop of Calcutta (Phillips, R.A.)

Mr. Bromley in his earlier works frequently put his initial of 'John' only to his name; but in his later productions he signs his name John Charles Bromley. Mr. J. C. Bromley has left a widow and large family: fortunately, a great part of them are grown up. One of his sons, Mr. Frederick Bromley, has lately executed a plate in mezzotint, entitled, 'Meeting of Her Majesty's Stag-hounds on Ascot-heath' (F. Grant print). This plate, which is an animated scene, enriched with numerous portraits, gives a fair earnest that Mr. F. Bromley will succeed to a large portion of that talent which has so long distinguished his family.

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John Bromley
Queen Victoria 1839 (NPG)

JAMES BROMLEY (1800 - 12 December 1838), mezzotint-engraver, was the third son of prominent engraver William Bromley, A.R.A. [q. v.], the line-engraver. Little is known respecting his life. Plates in mezzotint of, 'Earl of Carlisle, when Lord Morpeth, after Carrick; 'Falstaff,' after Liversege; 'La Zingarella,' after Oakley. He exhibited twelve of his works at the Suffolk Street Gallery between 1829 and 1833.

He is best remembered as the engraver of several of Hayter's portraits of prominent public figures.
Queen Victoria, after Sir George Hayter, 1834 (1837)
Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, after Sir George Hayter, 1835
Lord John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, after Sir George Hayter, 1836 (also credited to John)
William Wordsworth, after Sir William Boxall, 10 June 1832
King George IV., after Robert Bowyer, 1827
View of the Interior of the House of Peers, during the Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, after George Hayter, published 1832.

[Excerpts from: Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists of the English School, London, 1878, 8vo.]

Mr. James Bromley. Dec. 12, 1838. In his 38th year, Mr. James Bromley, Engraver in Mezzotint. He was the third son of Mr. William Bromley, A.E.R.A. and Member of the Roman Academy of St. Luke. Of a constitution naturally delicate, he sunk under the effects of disorders, incident to a sedentary occupation. He was much esteemed for the qualities of his head and heart; and has left numerous testimonials of his talents as an artist. Mr. James Bromley died unmarried.
A few of his works may be mentioned:
-- The Queen, then Princess Victoria, whole length, from a picture painted by Hayter, expressly for the King of the Belgians, 1835
-- H. R H. The Duchess of Kent, painted by Hayter, 1835
-- The Marchioness of Londonderry, after Ross (R.A.) Private plate
-- The late Sir Walter Farquhar, after Saunders. Pirvate
-- Andrew Spottiswoodc, Esq. (late M.P.) alter Phillips, R.A.

[Obituary: The Gentleman's Magazine, 1839]
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James Bromley
Princess Victoria 1834, NPG Duchess of Kent, NPG King George IV. 1827, NPG

About Paintings:
*King George IV. 1827 - referenced to both John and James Bromley. National Portrait Gallery, London
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There are more than one such reference to these brothers' works. One wonders which is correctly given credit.Webmaster

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