Thomas Baker

(October 9, 1809 - August 10, 1864)


A Midland landscape painter and watercolourist, he was known as “Baker of Leamington” or "Landscape Baker".

Born in Harbourne, Birmingham. He was the third child of Jane Freeth and Thomas Baker, who was headmaster of the school.

Baker’s paintings of a rural idyll have had an enduring popularity in spite of changing fashions in art. Today, as in the 19th Century, collectors are eager to buy his work and there was even said to have been a “Baker craze” in the late 19th Century when his pictures fetched outrageous prices.

Almost all Baker’s landscapes are shown under the blue skies of spring or summer, again giving the illusion of the countryside as a perpetually warm, pleasant environment. Even where people are not included, there are signs that it is a landscape controlled by man not nature. Roads and paths wind their way through cultivated fields to distant houses and domestic animals graze by farm buildings.

Thomas Baker is the best-known and most accomplished painter of the numerous Baker family of artists. His subjects are usually landscapes in Warwickshire and the Midlands, often with sheep and cattle.

Baker exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1831 and 1858, and also at the British Institution and the Royal Society of Birmingham Artists.

Works by Thomas Baker can be seen today in the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum in Coventry, The Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Leicester Museum and Art Gallery and The Victoria and Albert Museum, London amongst numerous others.

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Thomas Baker was a Midlands landscape painter and watercolourist often known as "Baker of Leamington" or "Landscape Baker".

Born in Harborne, Birmingham, Baker was a student of Vincent Barber (1788–1838) at the Barber family's Charles Street Academy in Birmingham. Exhibiting publicly with the Birmingham Society of Artists from 1827 onwards, he painted landscapes throughout Warwickshire, the Midlands and the Welsh border regions and occasionally producing depictions of the Lake District, Scotland and Ireland. More often than not Baker's landscapes include cattle, although sheep and human figures are also fairly common in his works.

Baker kept comprehensive records of his work and usually signed each major picture "T Baker", dated it to the year and numbered it on the back. Smaller pieces, studies and pencil sketches tend to be signed "T.B." (sometimes to be found playfully hidden around gravestones, fenceposts, treeroots etc.) and dated more precisely. His diaries and notes -- which contain an 800-strong list of his major works - are held in the Birmingham City Art Gallery while the art gallery at the Royal Pump Rooms in Leamington Spa has a collection of over sixty Baker landscapes, a couple of which are nearly always on display in the Art Gallery. The art historian Alison Plumridge and local historian Charles Lines have both highlighted how Baker provided artistic tutoring to the local middle classes in order to supplement his earnings from major local patrons such as Lord Leigh. In terms of wider success, Baker exhibited four oil paintings at the Royal Academy between 1831 and 1858, with his work appearing more frequently at the British Institution (where he exhibited 19 paintings) and the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists.

After his premature death in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, at the age of 55 (amid suggestions of murder that led to the suicide of his housekeeper, Hannah Hewitt), Baker's body was returned to his birthplace and buried in close proximity to the famous Midlands landscape artist David Cox at St. Peter's Church in Harborne, Birmingham.

The Birmingham-based photographer and landscape painter Edmund Smith-Baker (usually given as E. S. Baker) was the eldest of Baker's five illegitimate children by Elizabeth Alice Smith, a lodging housekeeper from Cubbington. Edmund Smith-Baker ran a studio on Bristol Street in Birmingham together with his younger brother Thomas William, where -- alongside the production of carte de visite photographs -- he is believed to have completed new and previously unfinished Baker landscapes. Some of these works are signed "E.S. Baker" while others display a rather more decorative signature of "E.S.B" in which the "S" is combined with an enlarged "B".

As a last point of interest with regard to Thomas Baker 'of Leamington', Charles Lines has suggested that, prior to his relationship with Elizabeth Alice Smith, the artist had previously been married at either Leamington All-Saints or Lillington Church and produced two legitimate sons. However, there is no evidence to support this.

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