Italian Cloisters

A Fishing Boat Caught In A Squall Off A Jetty


Andreas Achenbach

(29 September 1815 - 1 April 1910)

Andreas AchenbachBorn at Cassel, he began his art education in 1827, in Düsselorf School under Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow at the Düsselorf Academy of Painting. In his early work he followed the pseudo-idealism of the German romantic school, but on removing to Munich in 1835, the stronger influence of Louis Gurlitt turned his talent into new channels, and he became the founder of the German realistic school. Although his landscapes evince too much of his aim at picture-making and lack personal temperament, he is a master of technique, and is historically important as a reformer.

Educated at St Petersburg, he travelled extensively in the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Italy, where he produced many watercolours. His paintings of the European North Sea coasts had considerable influence in Germany; he was regarded as the father of 19th-century German landscape painting.

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Landscape with Stream

Westfälische Mühle: Watermill in Westphalia, 1863


A number of his finest works are to be found at the Berlin National Gallery, the New Pinakothek in Munich, and the galleries at Dresden, Darmstadt, Cologne, Düsselorf, Leipzig and Hamburg. His brother, Oswald Achenbach (1827-1905), was born at Düsselorf and received his art education from Andreas. His landscapes generally dwell on the rich and glowing effects of colour which drew him to the Bay of Naples and the neighbourhood of Rome. He is represented at most of the important German galleries of modern art.

Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911; New International Encyclopædia

Andreas AchenbachTheme of his landscape paintings were mainly seascapes. His brother, Oswald Achenbach, however, focused on the representation of the Italian countryside. The two brothers were therefore called "landscape painting A and O".

Andreas was the son of Hermann and Christine Achenbach, born Zilch, born in Kassel. Little did suggest that this family of two would emerge for the important 19th century painter. Hermann Achenbach worked in a number of different professions. He was a beer and vinegar brewer; operates in the meantime an inn in Düsselorf and later worked as a bookkeeper.

Andreas Achenbach received drawing lessons as a child and began his art education in 1827, so the age of twelve, at the Düsselorf Art Academy with Wilhelm von Schadow, Heinrich Christoph Kolbe and Carl Friedrich Schaffer. On an exhibition of "Art Association of the Rhineland and Westphalia," Schadow had co-founded in 1829, the first fourteen years of Achenbach scored his first major success when he was not only about the exhibiting artists but also one of his paintings was sold. The first sale closed very quickly to another. In the old Academy in Düsselorf Achenbach chose the view from a window of the home of his parents in the house Castle Square. The choice of this sober subjects emphasizes the autonomy of the artist, because the description of the "reality" was in the academy as inartistic. Only a well-established artist's personality could dare to make a "picture unworthy" theme the subject of a painting.

1832 and 1833, he undertook with his father, an extended study trip, among other things after Rotterdam, Amsterdam and Riga. The trip gave him the opportunity to intensively deal with the Dutch and Flemish landscape painting. Characteristic of him were the paintings by Jacob Isaacksz, van Ruisdael and Allart van Everdingen. From the time in this trip especially seascapes dominated his work in which he grappled with the artistic experience of the sea and the coast.

His later teachers also counted also Johann Wilhelm Schirmer. Achenbach's early work was influenced by the pseudo-idealism of the German Romantics, but after resuming moved to Munich in 1835, was Louis Gurlitt the young talent a decisive turn, Achenbach and became the founder of the German Realism. Rise to the departure of the Düsselorf Art Academy were increasingly there conflicts within this academy of art education. Andreas Achenbach honorary citizen of Düsselorf. Besides, he was already on 24 January 1881 in the Prussian Order Pour le Merite for Arts and Science was added.

He belonged to the preferred selection of contemporary artists, the "Komite for collecting and assessing Stollwerck images" the Cologne Chocolate producer Ludwig Stollwerck proposed to commission for drafts.

Like his brother Oswald Achenbach, Andreas has done during his life numerous study trips, which he used to nature studies especially. In 1835, he undertook a major trip to Denmark , Norway and Sweden . After Norway, he returned in 1839, back again. Among his destinations were in 1836, however, the Bavarian Alps and the Tyrol . From 1843 to 1845, he lived in Italy on, especially in the Campagna and on Capri. In 1846, he returned to Düsselorf and was there from 1847, a member of numerous clubs that belonged to the artistic life of the city, including the Association of Artists paint box. So it is said in 1856, in a Düsseldorf journal: "Both brothers are Achenbach [...] notably the animating principle of the society [of the paintbox]; they are cheerful, funny and [...] enjoy an enviable independence."

Although his landscapes make the effort to make a picture see, he is a master of the art and a historically significant reformer. Because of its intense painting activity he has trained very little student throughout his life. These include his twelve-years younger brother Oswald Achenbach and Albert Flamm. It is controversial how intense was the art training in particular his younger brother. Busy is merely that he this in letters recommendations on picture composition and painting techniques were in the 1840s and thus indirectly made him familiar with the concept of art Schirmer.

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View painter's art: Andreas Achenbach (1815-1910) [new window view]

Du bist wie eine Blume, Liszt